While visiting Brazil for the World Cup, soccer fans can take advantage of the opportunity to discover the country's rich and varied cuisine. Reflecting its warm climate and multicultural heritage, Brazil's cuisine is a colourful blend of Portuguese, African and Native American ingredients and influences. Here is a sampling of five signature dishes to savour on site in Brazil, or to make and enjoy at home while watching the tournament.
Travellers who have walked the streets of Lisbon will likely recognise this traditional street food, which is a direct reflection of Brazil's history as a Portuguese colony. In Latin America, pastéis (the plural form of "pastel") may be filled with meat, salted cod, hearts of palm, tomatoes or cheese. Served hot and crispy, pastéis may be enjoyed at the bar in cafes or purchased from street vendors to eat on the go.
Another iconic Brazilian street food, this African-influenced specialty is seen mainly in northeast Brazil. Not for delicate taste buds, this fried concoction is often filled with devilishly hot peppers. The street vendors form balls of mashed black-eyed peas and onions and deep fry them in palm oil. The giant fritters are then split in half and filled with savoury mixtures of dried shrimp, nuts, tomatoes and plenty of spices. One variation involves filling the acarajé with vatapa, a paste made from bread, coconut milk, shrimp, peanuts and hot pepper sauce.
A typical filling for acarajé, vatapa can also be enjoyed on its own. This rich paste is based on the perfect harmony of flavours from land and sea, including caridean shrimp, rich coconut milk, peanuts, palm oil and bread. A healthy dose of garlic and hot peppers give the dish its signature kick.
Pao de Queijo
The local population in the state of Minas Gerais often enjoys cheese for breakfast, as in this popular dish, which might also be enjoyed as an hors d'oeuvre. This "cheese bread" is actually made of cassava starch and queijo minas, a semi-soft Brazilian cheese. As these two ingredients may be hard to find for those outside of Brazil, home cooks can substitute tapioca starch and a combination of grated Swiss and Parmesan cheeses for an approximation of the authentic dish.
Moqueca de peixe
Given Brazil's geographical setting, it's no surprise that fish play a key part in its national cuisine. Moqueca de peixe, or fish stew, is among the most popular traditional dishes in the country, and Brazilian food bloggers are constantly offering up new variations. On site in Brazil, visitors will encounter versions with all types of fish, from tuna to monkfish. The dish typically also includes fresh cilantro, coconut milk, cumin, green peppers and garlic.